• If numbers are repeated in the text or are used for calculations, digits must be used. The use of numbers in contracts and the use of formulas is a matter of style. A very old-fashioned way to express numbers in contracts is to write both the number and the number in parentheses (or vice versa). This paragraph explains that this is exaggerated and not without risk. It first addresses numbers, ranges, then formulas. The central idea is that the archaic practice of spelling large numbers in pseudo-legal documents should be abandoned. My argument that the cost of the practice (wide possibility of introducing errors, wasted effort in writing and editing, wasted effort and potential confusion in reading) outweighs the benefits (correction of errors, easier detection of fraud). When I think intensely about this point („placement only”), it seems to me that the problem resembles both the shared infinitive problem and the superstition that a preposition can never end a sentence. In many cases, these things are absolutely true for clear writing. In some cases, these are not necessarily problems, but they produce unpleasant writing. In other cases, they don`t matter. The „only” problem is real, but it is not a problem in all situations, so the solution should not be applied reflexively. The fractions that follow the integers are in the gray area, so you can select a rule.
You can spell these numbers if they are short (for example, two and a half hours). Often the numbers are better (for example, the setter on the volleyball team is 5 feet 11/2 inches tall). For example, refer to the number of people or businesses, but not the number of people or businesses. Posted on July 30, 2021 by thebettereditor. Legal drafting can be dry; It can be annoying. At worst, it can be downright horrific: not just exaggerated and tortured. Not many things in professional writing really make me angry, but this is one of them.* Some **/must/**numbers be written – especially financial numbers, where a slipped decimal can have big consequences.* If you write large numbers, use commas. Count three spaces to the left of the columns and continue as the numbers grow. 1,294 2,385,482 So at the end of the day, while I`m a person who likes to question doing things just for outdated reasons „that`s how it`s always been done,” I like and agree with the practice of writing numbers in contracts. Because precedent is the foundation of the legal industry, lawyers sometimes fall into the trap of reflecting the conventions they have observed other lawyers follow suit. Often, this reflection occurs without much thought from the author about the value of the convention. Instead, the author simply assumes that convention is the „right” way to do things because someone else did it that way.
Writing numbers can be difficult, especially because there are conflicting rules on how to do it. The Associated Press, for example, has different guidelines than other popular style manuals. And everyone`s rules seem to have complicated exceptions. In non-technical writing, Chicago suggests spelling distances, lengths, temperatures, and other measurements of the physical world. However, I consider legal writing to be technical writing, so I suggest „80 yards,” „14 miles,” and „97 degrees,” even if you write hundred-numbered numbers. Even Chicago sees the clarity of a „40-watt bulb” and a „32-inch inner seam” instead of advertised versions. Major style guides (and internal styles) usually match, but may differ in detail, spelling out numbers up to 12, 20, or 100. But the principle is the same. They will have a hard time finding an authority that dictates spelling „three thousand four hundred and seventy-seven.” (There are a handful of exceptions in each style, such as spelling numbers when they start a sentence. I`m not going to try to categorize exceptions, just follow the style used in your document.) If a transaction has a lot of numbers, gather them in a single table and check if they have all passed. In order to avoid errors, it is recommended that someone on the team take responsibility for profitability and provide the author with subsequent overviews of the proposed or agreed amounts.
If the numbers are likely to change, or if they are not for everyone`s eyes, keep them out of the initial drafts. I`m not talking about spelling „six” for „6” or even the occasional „twenty-five” for „25” (the former would be recommended by virtually any accepted style; the latter would be acceptable to a large minority). Oh no: I am talking about documents that give a year, such as 1997, or an amount in dollars, such as $3,150,621: one thousand, nine cents, ninety-seven; Three million, one hundred and fifty thousand, six hundred and twenty-one dollars (. superfluous commas and „and” added to emphasize the point). 5) Use commas to separate grouped thousands, and use periods to separate round numbers from decimals (or vice versa). Legal documents can range from bank checks and purchase contracts to statements and court decisions. The risk of ambiguity makes it advisable to provide not only accurate and precise amounts and figures, but also the written number. Although cashier`s checks are not used as often these days, most people have seen numbers written to make sure that the amount of the check is not confused.
To indicate whether an hour refers to morning or afternoon, Chicago suggests using the abbreviations „a.m.” and „p.m.” (and this writing curve requires it). (not AM, am, PM, pm). Fortunately, I note that the Oregon courts agree with me. This is partly true. What is known as a unified commercial code regulates the form and validity of transactions such as bank checks and stipulates that written numbers take precedence over numbers in case of disagreement. It is not a federal law, but it has been passed in a very similar form by each state. In English, the comma is represented by a period (.) and commas are used to divide long numbers. Commas cannot be used to represent a comma. An ordinal number defines „the position of an object in a row”. The first, second and third are atomic numbers. Follow the general rule you have chosen for regular numbers (which are actually called „cardinal numbers”) also for ordinal numbers.
If you have decided to write integers up to 99 („ninety-nine”), you must also write ordinals. Note that ordinals are separated by hyphens whenever cardinals are.