To prove the negligence of res ipsa loquitor, the plaintiff must prove 3 things: For more information about res ipsa loquitur, see this note from Yale Law Review and this note from St. John`s Law Review. For an example of a dish using res ipsa loquitur, see Byrne v. Boadle. Injury occurring through no fault of a claimant (i.e., certain types of slip and fall accidents) would inevitably fail the prima facie test, particularly for the third element. „Loq.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Retrieved 15 November 2022. Authority: IC 13-14-8; IC 13-14-9; IC 13-15-1-2; IC 13-15-2-1; IC 13-18-3 (rayz ip-sah loh-quit-her) n. Latin for „the thing speaks for itself”, a legal doctrine according to which a person is considered negligent if he had exclusive control over what caused the injury, although there is no specific evidence of negligence, and without negligence, the accident would not have occurred. Examples: a) A load of bricks on the roof of a building built by Highrise Construction Co. crashes and injures Paul Pedestrian underneath, and Highrise is responsible for the injury to Pedestrian even though no one saw the load fall. b) During anesthesia, Isabel Patient`s nerve in her arm is damaged, even though it was not part of the surgery, and she does not know which of a dozen doctors in the room caused the damage. Under res ipsa loquitur, all persons involved in the operation are liable for negligence.

Jurists often shorten doctrine to „res ips” and find it a practical shortcut for complex doctrine. „limit of quantification” or „LOQ” means a measurement of the concentration of a contaminant determined by a specific laboratory procedure calibrated to a specified concentration above the detection limit of the method; It is considered the lowest concentration at which a given impurity can be measured quantitatively using a specific laboratory method to monitor the contaminant. This term is sometimes referred to as the limit of quantification or level of quantification.